(“savior”). Question: "Does the Bible teach geocentrism? Philip took the Cyclades and some cities in Thrace, while Antiochus defeated the Egyptian general Scopas at Paneas on the Jordan in 198 BC, and thus Palestine passed to the Seleucid dynasty. Thesepeople believe that the Bible clearly states that the Earth does not move,and hence the only acceptable Biblical cosmology is a geocentric one. After the dismissal of his faithful minister, Aristomenes, Epiphanes' character and reign deteriorated. The Bible is clear enough about cosmogony (the origin and history of the universe): God created everything in six days ( Genesis 1), and God made the heavenly bodies on day four ( Genesis 1:14–19). Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary. The founder and first king of a Greek-speaking dynasty that ruled over Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great until it was annexed by Rome in 30 bc.Ptolemy (ca. But on discovering Balas' treachery, he took away his daughter from him and gave her to his opponent, Demetrius Nikator, whom he now supported against Balas. The first Ptolemy came to power after the death of Alexander the Great in Babylonia. hero of the events described in Daniel 11:11-12. Church at Thyatira, What Was the Message to Thyatira, Revelation 2 and Thyatira, The ancient authorities are Josephus, Polybius, Justin, Pausanias, Plutarch (Cleom. The brothers quarreled again, and Philometor, expelled by Euergetes, went to Rome to seek assistance (164 BC). Taking advantage of the king's minority, Antiochus the Great leagued with Philip of Macedon against Egypt. A geocentric model of the universe seems first to have been formalized by Ptolemy, the famous Greek astronomer who lived in Alexandria around A.D. 130. He died in 205 BC. He was only 5 years old when his father Philopator died. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Meaning of the name International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. He was a boyhood friend of Alexander the Great at Pella, and later became one of his most trusted generals as well as a member of his royal bodyguards. The Bible is a bit vague regarding cosmology (the structure of the universe). In spite of the victory of Raphia, Egypt began to decline under his weakness. Some authorities refer the persecutions mentioned in 3 Maccabees to this reign, but most modern authorities are disposed to date them in the reign of the anti-Jewish Ptolemy IV Philopator. For the first 7 years of his reign his mother Cleopatra acted as queen-regent, and peace was maintained with Syria till 173 BC. Tree Psalm 92:12, Definition of Paraclete, Bible study about the Holy Spirit and the Paraclete, Ptolemy put a Jewish priest who was loyal to him in charge of Judah. He procured the law to be interpreted, and set free those that were come from Jerusalem into Egypt, and were in slavery there, who were a hundred and twenty thousand. This Ptolemy shares with his son and successor the honor of rounding the famous Alexandrian Museum and Library. Ptolemy synonyms, Ptolemy pronunciation, Ptolemy translation, English dictionary definition of Ptolemy. The Conquest of Persia 334 Battle of Granicus 334-3 Conquest of Lycia, Pamphylia and Western Pisidia 333 Conquest of Cilicia, Battle of Issus 332 Siege and capture of Tyre; conquest of Egypt 331 Foundation of Alexandria; submission of Cyrene; settlement of Syria; Battle of Gaugamela; occupation of Babylon, Susa and Persepolis 330 At Ecbatana (Darius dies) 328 Conquest of Bactria and Sogdiana 327 Invasion of India 324 Returns to Susa 323 Alexander dies at Babylon history of Thyatira, Antiochus IV Epiphanes then invaded Egypt, defeated the Egyptians at Pelusium and secured the person of Philometor, whom he spared, hoping to employ him as a tool to gain the ascendancy over Egypt. It is uncertain whether Physcon was an enemy and persecutor of the Jews or their patron. Now commenced the long hostilities between Egypt and Syria, Ptolemy on more than one occasion invading Syria. (4) Ptolemy, son of a Dositheus; he and his father were bearers of the "epistle of Phrurai" (Additions to Esther 11:1). Ptolemy Ptolemy, as depicted in a copy (c. 1403/04) of the Bible historiale of Guiart des Moulins. King of Egypt from 222 to 205 B.C. Moderngeocentrists use both Biblical and scientific arguments for their case.We examine these arguments, and find them poorly founded. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); ISBE Bible Encyclopedia Home The Romans now interfered to make Antiochus surrender his conquests. Which Kinds of Games Existed in the Time Along with all his forces, and accompanied by his sister Arsinoë, he set out for the region of Raphia where Antiochus' troops had set up camp. He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern campaigns. Balas was defeated in a decisive battle on the Oenoparas and killed, but Ptolemy himself died in 146 BC from the effects of a fall from his horse in the battle (1 Macc 1:18; 10:51; 2 Macc 1:10; 4:21). When Alexander had reigned twelve years, and after him Ptolemy Soter forty years, Philadelphus then took the kingdom of Egypt, and held it forty years within one. On his victorious return to Alexandria, Philopator assumed a very anti-Jewish attitude, and indeed caused discontent generally among his subjects. (5) Ptolemy V, surnamed Epiphanes (Epiphanes, "Illustrious"). Online Bible (KJV) The other Ptolemies of Egypt require no mention here. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The marriage took place in 193 BC. Antiochus and Ptolemy wars in the Bible. Syria and Bible Prophecy, God provided the Ten Commandments, Moses added to them to diminish the amount his people could sin, and the elders took over and changed it still, "legislating contrary to God" (Froehlich, 39). About this date Ptolemy assumed the title of "king," following the example of the Syrian ruler. The next, quarrel was about Cyprus. At last he bestirred himself to recover the lost provinces from Seleucus, the successor of Antiochus, but was poisoned before his plans materialized, in 182 (181) BC (Josephus, Ant, XII, iv, 11). Paul's Letter to Titus, Bible Study Lessons in Titus, of Jesus?, The An Egyptian dynasty of Macedonian kings . "Entry for 'PTOLEMY'". He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern campaigns. This, the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, is traditionally dated to the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt (285-246 BC). )-loving"), the youngest son of Ptolemy I; born 309 BC in Cos; succeeded his father in 285 BC and died 247. In 246 he was provoked to a Syrian war to avenge the murder of his sister Berenice at Antioch; in the course of this campaign he met with remarkable success, overran Syria, plundered Susa and Babylonia, penetrated to the shores of India and captured the important stronghold of Seleucia (1 Macc 11:8). At any rate, he was favorably disposed toward his Jewish subjects, and in his reign Jewish wisdom and Greek philosophy began to blend. Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. Paracletus in the Greek. In 305-304 he defended the Rhodians against Demetrius Poliorcetes, forcing the latter to raise the siege--hence, the title "Savior." Ptolemy's model envisioned each planet moving in a small circle, the center of which moved along a large circular orbit about the earth. Some regard this king as the Euergetes mentioned in the Prologue to Sir, but the reference must rather be to Euergetes II (Ptolemy VII). Meaning of the Name Bible History Online Home, Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE) Ptolemy I is thought to have been the son of Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman of Eordaea. He was born on the island of Kos in 309/308 BC, during his father's invasion of the Aegean in the Fourth Diadoch War. He devoted great attention to the internal administration of his kingdom, endowed the Museum and Alexandrian Library in which his father had taken much interest; in general he followed his father's example as a liberal patron of art, science and literature. He brought back with him from the East the Egyptian gods that Cambyses had carried away 300 years before, thus earning from the Egyptians the title of "Benefactor." (1) Ptolemy Macron. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. xxxviii.8). The Jewish-Alexandrine philosopher Aristobulus probably lived in this reign. Games in the Bible, What PTOLEMY (PERSON) [Gk Ptolemaios (Πτολεμαιος)].A name of Macedonian origin (Gk ptolemaios “warlike”) borne by the founder and, as a dynastic name, by all subsequent rulers of the line of Greek-speaking kings who ruled Egypt after the death of Alexander the … J. P. Mahaffy, Empire of the Ptolemies, is the best account for English readers. Daniel 11:10-12 refers to the reign of Philopator. (4) Ptolemy IV, surnamed Philopator (Philopator, "Lover of his father"), or Tryphon (Truphon), the eldest son of Euergetes whom he succeeded in 222 BC. Jewish leaders who governed in the time of Ptolemy had to keep order and make sure the people pay their taxes on time. (7) (On the death of Philometor his young son was proclaimed king as Ptolemy Eupator ("of a noble father"), but after reigning but a few months was put to death by his uncle Euergetes II (Just. In 316 he joined in a war against Antigonus during which Coele-Syria and Phoenicia were lost, but in 312 regained from Demetrius the son of Antigonus. Ptolemy believed that the Old Testament law was a composite text created with authorship from God, Moses, and the elders of the people. The Romans seated him again on his throne, assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes. Bible Study about Syria, What the Bible Says about Syria and Damascus, Isaiah 17, Coins of Egyptian Ptolemaic Empire rulers: 323-31 BC. The short answer to this question is “no.” Nowhere in the Bible are we told that the Earth is at the center of the universe. See MACRON. The Ptolemies, who originally came from Macedonia, were some of the most intriguing families in history. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. of Jesus? Ptolemy I Soter was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire. His reign being so brief he need hardly be numbered among the Ptolemies.). (3) Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus (Apocrypha) (Additions to Esther 11:1). As long as they fulfilled these requirements Ptolemy lets them do as they pleased. The Scripturalpassages quoted do n… He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII. Answer: This is a very important question because the answer helps to shape our belief system and worldview, both of which have eternal consequences. Trees, Bible Study about the Palm Tree, The Righteous Will Flourish like a Palm (2) Ptolemy II, surnamed Philadelphus (Philadelphos, "Brother(sister? 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