Answer: Then, it took a minute to decide where the moral was: “We must never accept a gold bangle when it is offered by a tiger.” or “Love of gold bangle costs on one’s life.” He saw more logic in the latter and wrote It down. How was the showdown between Mani and Rajam fixed? Describe Mani’s personality. answer. Mani was the leader of the jubilant team of the boys. If Mani jabbed, Rajam jabbed; if Mani clouted, he clouted; if Mani kicked, he kicked. Swami. Answer: He also instructed his cook to wear a clean, white dhoti and shirt. ( Log Out /  A mingled noise was coming out of that room. (MP.Board 2011) Question 3. Board 2015) Swaminathan w:as embarrassed. Swami not only gave a cold shoulder but even asked Rajam, Mani’s enemy to get it from the shop. (MP. How was the fight ended? He said “Oh, like him. What mischief did the boys play while returning home? Swami broke into loud protestation as Mani thought that Swami and Rajam are getting friendlier. At first glance, Swami and Friends is nothing more than a simple, charming story of a ten-year old boy who lives in a world of (in his eyes) bossy adults – be they parents or teachers at school – and his friends and enemies at school. Question 5. A policeman tried to stop them but when they He reached the other side of the pond but before he could hold out his hand for the bangle, he was inside the tiger’s mouth. Which sentence in the lesson suggests that it was a five-day week in Swaminathan’s school? Mani was more concerned about it. Imagine yourself as Swaminathan. Board 2011,2015) Somebody had written ‘Tail’ on the blackboard in huge letters. Swami and Friends revolves around the life of ten-year-old Swaminathan, or Swami as he is known. Give instances in support of your answer. Late at night. Answer: Swami and Friends is the first of a trilogy of novels written by RK Narayan, a celebrated English novelist from India. Examination gives the result which can make one proud or ashamed. So, he slapped them on the face. Question 1. ‘Swami and Friends’ by R.K Narayan (1906-2001) is the first of the three books written by him. What hints did the school clerk give to Mani? Answer: Do you like them? It was said that he had come from some English boys school somewhere in Madras. Why was she not Why did Singaram, the peon rush into the crowd of boys with a stick? As the geography teacher was absent the boys of the First A i.e., Swami’s class, were in leisure. He could break neck of anyone with his clubs. As he had already visited Rajam’s house, he did not want to show himself inferior in any way. Question 9. They turned their faces to him with a faint smile and returned to their game. The clerk was pleased. What did the Headmaster ask the students to do during the vacation? Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. It was the last day of the examinations, and after that the school was to be closed for the vacations. The clerk was a clever fellow. In the beginning he was skeptical of his brother but as he grew he became more interesting for him. At school, the examination fever seemed to have possessed all his friends. He is later admitted to another school – Board High School. Narayan sent the typescript to a series of publishers in London and became accustomed to having it returned at regular intervals. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. So, the moral of the story follows Greediness is the worst evil. 4. She told that his grandfather was a powerful magistrate and the police trembled before him and dacoits ran away in fear. However, Mani did not care for all this and was determined to put the vile upstart down. Answer: Soon Swami and Mani began playing with Rajam’s toys. He couldn’t take the Third Form and so they had to leave. Question 5. So, he slapped them on the face. Swami is a boy ten years old. Answer: And when he finally does so, this friendship initially creates friction between his earlier friends. Answer: He went limping about the school the whole day. They were able to see together the same absurdities and incongruities in things. His Western mind is only capable of “classifying, labeling and departmentalizing…” And the gentle criticism and irony directed towards him was in the same way directed towards his fellow countrymen. The Pea was leaning back in his seat revising his answers, They all came out when the final bell rang. Later on he gets another friend, Rajam. The new arrival Is Swami’s baby brother. What was Swaminathan waiting for while his father was preparing to go out? The second and third books in the trilogy are The Bachelor of Arts and The English Teacher . ‘He (Swaminathan) honoured only four persons with his confidence’ – Somu, the Monitor, who carried himself with such an easy air; Mani the mighty Good-For-Nothing; Sankar, the most brilliant boy of the class and Samuel who was known as the Pea, who had nothing outstanding about him, like Swami, but they were united in their ability to laugh at everything. Question 6. He reaches the class on time and we are introduced to the fire-eyed teacher Vedanayagan, the class-teacher and also arithmetic teacher. Karma, spirit of oneness with all, the theme of transformation from materialism to spiritualism, the concept of non-violence are discussed in the novels discussed here, namely, Waiting for the Mahatma, The Vendor of Sweets, The English Teacher, Swami and Friends, The Bachelor of Arts, The Man Eater of Malgudi and A Tiger for Malgudi. Why did Mani go to the school clerk’s house? They knocked at the door of Ra jam’s room and as soon as he opened the door, they pretended to be a blind kitten and a blind pUppy and crawled into the room as such. 4* - The Bachelor of Arts - This is a story about a young man, who having just graduated, tries to find his way in the world. The novel is full of humor and irony. How did Swaminathan prepare the list of things he wanted for the examination? To the end, Swami cannot understand the difference and hence the pathos in the final scene. Narayan has excelled in producing humour of situation as well as of character. Question 4. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Sankar was lost to the world with his let shoulder against the wall. He told her so quite frankly, even though, it must have been rather painful for her. and talked on a number of subjects as trains, tiger-hunting, police, ghosts, their friends and their teachers. Swami is a student of the First Form (Section.A). His novels are known for their ‘deftly etched characters, his uniquely stylized language and his wry sense of humor’. Mani and Rajam went to a secluded spot to settle matters. His father fussed about a little for his tiny silver snuff box and took his handkerchief. When Mani told him about Rajam’s friendship with them, the guard allowed them humbly to go inside the house. What will you do if your friends tease you and call you, names? Question 2. Swami again acted as “The Cord of Communication”. Answer: This is best seen where Swami is seen alternatively admiring and envying Rajam: the rich boy who walks to school dressed like a ‘European’. It bears the same value not only for the students but also for the parents. Question 1. Swami and Friends is the first novel of the trilogy that is set in the fictional town of Malgudi. What did Swaminathan do in the meanwhile? The other end is Mani who is rough, untamed, naive, emotional and yet loyal. Rajam kept them waiting for sometime. An equivocal situation, which provides two different meanings, one plausible and the other real, is a good example. The novelist makes the readers smile with an account of her elaborate bed. Then he asked his Granny to change hepdhoti and not to interrupt between them. Mani swung his hand and brought it down on Somu’s nape. He knows the . He had to go to the kitchen and bring in the snacks and the coffee himself. So, when Swami and Mani wanted to play prank on him and Later were exposed he was not annoyed. Board 2009) He cited instances and lines from the great religious book Vedas. Swami’s another bosom friend was Samuel, the Pea. Accordingly, Mani came to the place with his clubs and Rajam came there with his air gun. Board 2015) Answer: What instructions did Swami give her? One of the most glaring facts about the novel is the similarity of children through out the world, and how they have not changed since the time the novel was written. With regard to reciprocal interference of series, Bergson observes that “a situation is invariably comic when it belongs simultaneously to two altogether independent series of events and is capable of being interpreted in two entirely different meanings at the same time” (123). Board 2009) His success in reconciling these two opposing ends is seen in the fact that Narayan’s novels are received well both in his native country India and all around the world. Swami is fascinated by him and is friendly with him. What made the boys end their enmity Rajam’s lecture on friendship or the prizes he offered to each of them? What does he want a police dress for?’ asked Granny. Rajam was a new student to the class of Swaminathan. Constant pressure from all directions finally tells on Swami and he bends. In this way, the prank had turned upon themselves. They were together for three hours What incident in the chapter shows this? When the novel unfolds, we are told that Swami has four friends. What part does colonialism play in the novel? Support your answer with arguments. As a sign of goodwill, Rajam offered some biscuits and Mani gladly accepted them. But it seems at this point in his career, (and during this particular point of India’s history), when he is starting out as an author, he would write to the English speaking audience in India and for the vast audience abroad. Two tigers came upon them suddenly one knocking down the father from behind and other chasing down Rajam. Swami complains to his father, who gives his son a letter for the Headmaster, to be delivered the next morning. The Brahmin, at first, declined the offer saying that the tiger is after all a tiger. Rajam stubbornly refuses to see him after this, and after a lapse of some days Swami comes to know through Mani that Rajam’s father was transferred and was moving the next day. Granny was not at all interested in them that day. So. Somehow or the other, the boys were under the impression that the school clerk knew all about the question papers and he could help them a lot. They were still in the examination room. Question 3. Swami hates Mondays, for it means activity, discipline/and work after the holiday he had enjoyed on Saturday and Sunday. Why did Mani take the boys out: of the class to a secluded place? Swami’s relationships with each of these friends were different, but he cherished them all. As they had closed their eyes they did not see that Somu, Sankar and the Pea were there, Indeed they touched and fond:ed their feet and when they did open their eyes they saw that they had touched the feet of Somu, Sankar, and Pea. Question 1. B. (MP Board 2012) Swami had read the question at two minutes to four thirty, started answering a minute later, and finished at four thirty, The question was to give the moral of the story. Here, she lived with all her belongings. No teacher ever put to him a question in the class. He was six months old now and was charming. Swami failed to understand the meaning of the goings-on and as to why the lady doctor was treating the home as her own, and why she was being obeyed by all concerned. We are also introduced to his close friends and his teachers. It was disappointing. A fierce fight between Mani and Somu followed. Answer: Board 2010. Write the story of The Brahmin and the Tiger” in your own words. She wanted some money and father returned to give it to her and then went out a second time. He was very much excited. Question 2. It grows bitterness in the student and affects him/ her badly. There is nothing uncommon about him, for he is neither a good student nor physically remarkable. He opened his bureau, gave money to her, adjusted his turban before mirror, took a heavy pinch of snuff and wiping his nose with hanky, went out. Somu challenged Mani’s authority. As Rajam was a son of the Superintendent of Police, his house was protected by security guards. There was a poor Brahmin. Swami is especially proud to be Mani’s friend. Why was Swaminathan cold and reserve to his mother when he was taken to her room? He was feeling uncomfortable. A child trying to teach its parents, a character who lays a trap in which he is the first to be caught, the villain who is the victim of his own villainy-in every case the root is the inversion of roles and a situation which recoils. It is very informative and helpful.Thank you so much. Examination is a period of stress and exhaustion for the students. He feels bored and tired, and is in no mood for work. As soon as the day’s work was over, Swami. This harmonious existence is threatened with the arrival of Rajam. Author: RK Narayan Swami and Friends is the story of the tumultuous friendship of Swaminathan, his four childhood friends, and a new boy named Rajam. Answer: Answer: Describe how that prank They were fighting in a bold manner. Unlike many colonial and post-colonial writers Narayan does not directly attack or criticize the colonial system, although elements of gentle criticism and irony directed towards the colonial system, are scattered through out Swami and Friends and all his other novels. They begin taking much care of their son or daughter. Answer: In the beginning, he is regarded as a rival by Mani and is challenged to a fight. Day by day as Mani looked on, it was becoming increasingly clear that a new menace had appeared in his life.” So, Mani was jealous of Rajam. What Man did was absolutely improper and ill-ways for a sincere student. I am a little bit worried that my examination is coming doser. As soon as his father is gone, Swami runs away to his friends, despite the remonstrance of his mother. (M.R Board 2011) He hooked his umbrella on his arm which was the last signal. Board 2009, 2011) Answer: He would be made to stand, stark naked, on a pedestal of red hot iron. Again and again, they were referring the word ‘tail’ like what is a tail, whether there was anyone like a tail etc. Answer the following questions i about 60 words each: Question 1. Swami didn’t see her in kitchen. He learns that he had indeed missed the cricket match, which he took such pains to practice for. Narayan’s own father who was a principal did not think much of the system as Narayan and his many fictional characters, such as Swami, Chandran, Krishna, Sriram and a host of others. Swami thought that his father was changing and growing more fussy and difficult every day. He watched him as he tied his turban, took his watch, his snuff box, his handkerchief and his umbrella. It runs throughout this trilogy Swami and Friends, The Bachelor of Arts and The English Teacher. Swami and Friends, set in British-colonial India in the year 1930, begins with an introduction to Swaminathan and his four principal friends: Somu, Sankar, Mani, and the Pea.Swaminathan appreciates his friends’ dramatically different personalities, and these … My dear Father, Though the clerk did not say anything clearly, Mani thought it right and prepared accordingly It is not right for a good student, It is unjustified. Swami and Friends R. K. Narayan "There are writers--Tolstoy and Henry James to name two--whom we hold in awe, writers--Turgenev and Chekhov--for whom we feel a personal affection, other writers whom we respect--Conrad for example--but who hold us at a long arm's length with their 'courtly foreign grace.' I think Rajam’s lecture on friendship put greener effect on each of the friends. On Monday mornings, he is unable to concentrate on his studies. Swami and Friends Swami and Friends is the first of a trilogy of novels written by RK Narayan (1906–2001), English language novelist from India. Swami is crushed, but in his innocence, he erroneously thinks that Rajam will relent and forgive. When he was taken to her room, he found her lying weak and pale on the bed. it is very helpful , wonderfully illustrated the major points.in one word it is awsom…..thank you so much….. Swami had thin never thought that this story contained a moral. What were Swaminathan’s friends doing when he left the examination hail? Monday is unpleasant for him. What were the reasons of animosity between Mani and Rajam? Swami was confused at the birth of his new baby brother. Question 1. The novel is set in pre-independence days in India, in a fictional town – Malgudi, which has almost become a real place in India today, due to the wide recognition and popularity of Narayan’s many novels. He also hoped that the boys would not waste their time but read story-books and keep glancing through the books prescribed for their next classes to which it was hoped they would be pornoted. There was no gossiping and loitering about. Swami suspected that the Pea and Sankar had done it. R.K.Narayan’s first short novel, Swami and Friends, also provides the setting for his later novels and short stories, Malgudi. Which two morals did Swaminathan draw from the story in the question paper? What course of action did they decide to do for the next day? He was feeling lonely. Examination is such a time when a student’s performance is examined periodically It doesn’t matter whether it is quarterly monthly half yearly, or annual. Describe Swaminathan’s state of mind when Sankar, Somu and others stopped talking to him.(M.P. A. Answer: Discuss the language and the method of story telling Narayan has used in Swami and Friends. When he approached his father, he became angry. They were amazed to see the miniature trains and motors, mechanical marvels and magic lantern with slides. He constantly criticises and abuses Hindu Gods who, for him, are merely pieces of stone. Answer: More than that Rajam was-a brilliant student which Mani was not. Swami wanted to create a good impression on his friend, who was a VIP, the son of a Superintendent of Police. Swami admired Rajam and was much impressed by his carefree conduct, manners, and by his brilliance as a student. told him that Rajam was waiting for them, he at once became very polite and friendly. This leads to fierce fighting, till the Headmaster arrives, separates Somu and Mani, locked in a fierce fight at the time, and restores order. Mani was the hero for he was well built and was able to do anything which was beyond imagination for many. The lights kept burning all night. Swan-ti, one day after coming back home from school, felt rather dull. Hence, I don’t like such a change. Anshu. In a short while Swaminathan was running an engine all over the room, Mani was shooting arrow after arrow from a bow at the opposite wall. His friends were also hostile to him. Sometimes, they misuse this liberty. Then, he scrutinize4 it and made another one monitoring: Question 2. How did Swaminathaii solve the question paper? In the final analysis, Swami and Friends is more than the story of a child. Gramihar was a child’s play to him. The chapter deals with the approach of the annual examinations, and the trouble it meant for Swami. What moral will you draw from this story? Board 2009) His father said that he had no clips and Swami didn’t need them. Initially the grandmother use to wear it as a pendant. He could speak to the teachers in English in the open class. I think what Mani did to know the questions from the school clerk was not good., When he knew that the clerk had the idea about the questions he went to meet him. Swami had almost closed the book and risen. Swami missed his friend and he was alone. While others crouched in awe, he could address him as ‘Mani’ with gusto and pat him on the back familiarly. Whenever he opened his eyes, he was conscious of busy feet scurrying along the passage. Question 3. At the same time he is confident, intelligent and rarely if ever loses his composure. Swami came out of the exam-hall twenty minutes before the time. He gets marks as high as ninety per cent and can answer any questions that are put to him. Realism of Children’s World in Swami and Friends. He could repeat history in his sleep and grammar was a child’s play to him. They beheld astounding things in it, miniature trains and motors, mechanical marvels, and a magic lantern with slides many large picture-books, and a hundred other things. So, he tried to give an elaborate and effective lecture on friendship and how enmity can spoil their life. Why did Swaminathan, Mani and Rajam go to a secluded spot in the school? Mani wanted to have a duel with Rajam. The novel, first intended for a very young audience, later expanded into a universal one, for its simple narrative and depiction of colonial India. He was however, not being patriotic, but rather impulsive, and was enjoying breaking windowpanes by throwing stones. He carne back and began preparing towards that direction. As Swami sits on the table in his ‘room’ which is merely a table in the dressing- room of his father he finds that he has a lot of home work to do, and only two hours for doing it. How did Mani contemplate taking revenge cm Somu, Sankar and the Pea? Rajam was ‘dressed like a European boy’, his very appearance was alien to them, but it is not only on the outside that Rajam was different, but even within, as the reader sees through out the novel and especially at the end. Swami joined them with a low, ecstatic cry but they responded indifferently. Nobody paid attention to him. It is the story of a generation of Indians who are born and brought up in the shadow of the British colonial Raj and who inherit the confusions of the cultural and social conflict. Master Manjunath, who started acting at age three, has been part of 68 movies in Kannada, Telugu and Hindi, but it was his role in Swami and Friends that fetched him recognition, in addition to six international, one national and a state award. Swami turns angry with him when he begins rivalry with Rajam. It was believed that only He saw the infants dabbling in wet clay and trying to shape models. Narrate the incident in the class which ultimately led to the fight between Mani and Somu. Swami and Friends Summary. The story begins by introducing Swaminathan and … With Mani and Rajam his relations are personal and human; while his relations with the other three Somu, Shanker, and the Pea are scholastic and impersonal. Question 3. This chapter introduces us to a newcomer to the class, Rajam. ‘Swami and Friends’ is the first of a trilogy of novels written by R.K. Narayan, a celebrated English novelist from India. The snacks were wonderful and the coffee was really good. His happiness results from the fact that he has got four best friends, who are Somu, Marti, Shankar and Samuel, the Pea. When he did not come to the point, Mani asked humuntly to tell him a few important questions. He is not one of the brightest students of the school. When Mani pointed out that he should not have brought the gun as it was to be a hand to hand fight, Rajam pointed out that he ought not to have brought his clubs. This conclusion was much to the relief of Swami, for he admired Rajam and wanted to be friends with him. Do you think the author or the characters are overly considered about their political system? Someone had written the word ‘tail’ on the blackboard in huge letters. The rice mill owner Mr Retty was “the most Indianized of the ‘Europeans’….and was the mystery man of the place: nobody could say who he was or where he had come from: he swore at his boy and his customers in perfect Tamil and always moved about in shirt, shorts and sandaled feet.” Mr Matheison feels strongly for Indians and considers himself Indian. Give reasons in support of your answer . The grandmother was a garrulous lady and liked to talk about events in the distant past. He could break neck of anyone with his clubs. They have their place in all arts and their enjoyment leads to aesthetic experience of a unique kind. Answer: Swami’s final close friend is Samuel, who is known as “ the Pea ” because he is small and unremarkable. The upshot was that the two suddenly decided to be friends quite against the expectations of the others. (M,P. What Incidents did Swaminathan narrate to his grandmother? 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( M.P still he! Acceptable to Mani mountains, and by his brilliance as a student last week I wrote you a giving... Delivered the next morning that he is later admitted to another school – board high school Mani most a! Lantern with slides as represented by Mani and is in no mood work! Developed the proverbial ‘ English stiff upper lip. ’ Swami was greatly impressed by his carefree conduct, manners and! Letter for the parents wry sense of humour makes one see one ’ s do. Textbook or a reference book and Raja Rao I had made a request to you to send the coffee really! Impressed by his nonchalance he will go as he was the new is. The exam-hall twenty minutes before the time of examination was close Swami tried to talk to them tail! Not mean destruction sort of bully and says that his grandfather was a brilliant of. Him. ( M.P words “ it was the son of the of! Do anything which was the punishment for those who come in when Rajam a. 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